This set of cards identifies some of the leading drivers of change that affect the future of energy. Though a very general term, here we are concerned with primary energy sources, whether they be from fossil fuels (oil, gas and coal) or renewable (wind, biomass and solar). We also explore the relationship of energy supply to demand.

The drivers of change are arranged and presented within societal, technological, economic, environmental and political domains known as the STEEP framework. Each carefully designed card depicts a single driver. The set was devised by the Foresight, Innovation and Incubation team at Arup, a group tasked with exploring emerging trends and how they impact upon the business of Arup and its clients. The cards include powerful images contributed by photographers from all over the world who are affiliated to The result is a vibrant visual record of research, which can also be used as a tool for discussion groups, personal prompts, for workshop events or as a “thought for the week”.


affluence Front
affluence Back

power stations

power stations Front
power stations Back


inflation Front
inflation Back


emissions Front
emissions Back

gas imports

gas imports Front
gas imports Back